The treatment varies depending on the type of alopecia baldness. Therefore it is essential to receive an adequate medical diagnosis before starting a treatment.
In the case of androgenetic alopecia, the most effective medical treatments are finasteride and minoxidil. Finasteride is a pill used in men, prevents the action of male hormones selectively on the hair follicle, being a very effective treatment and with an excellent safety profile.
Minoxidil is a lotion that is applied externally. It can be used in both men and women. Both treatments must be used daily and for years to achieve maximum effectiveness.
In case of a loss of relevant capillary density, surgical treatment can resort to hair transplantation. It consists of transferring hair from the neck area to the area of alopecia.
The technique currently used is that of the micrografting (hair to hair), which produces an entirely natural result. It is a medically very safe surgery, which is performed under local anesthesia. The patient can join their routine activities within a few days.
Causes of alopecia:
There are more than 100 different types of alopecia. The most frequent cause of alopecia is hormonal, androgenetic alopecia (common baldness, which affects both men and women).
However, many other causes can influence hair loss: diet, physical or emotional stress, anemia, immune diseases, thyroid disorders, medications, even internal diseases.
Therefore, it is essential to perform an adequate medical diagnosis of the type of alopecia to be able to select the ideal treatment for each patient.
The factors associated with the development of alopecia areata are:
• The genetic profile (about one-fifth of people with this disease have a case of alopecia in their family history)
Hypersensitivity characterized by a familial tendency.
• Specific immune reactions or an autoimmune disease of certain organs.
• Emotional stress. Often the alopecia begins on one or two smaller areas, usually on the scalp. But you can also see them in the beard, in the eyebrows, on the arms or legs. They are smooth, circular and can take on the color of a peach. It is not uncommon for pimples, burning or itching to occur with alopecia areata.